How is the concept of “Rule of Law” understood? The concept of Rule of Law is understood as: (a) where every individual is supposed to be subject to the laws of a given country; and (b) where everyone’s power shall be limited.
Rule of law thus tends to be more procedural issue which is widely accepted to be a critical part of an effective constitutional principle designed to constrain and limit government power and actions. As far as Rule of Law is concerned, Human Rights and Good Governance are very important concepts to be seen in light of the principle of rule of law. Both Human Rights and Good Governance are effectively realized in the system where law is equally and uniformly applied on every individual. We could, therefore, infer that the proper application of the rule of law plays an important role in promoting good governance and human rights.
Human rights are rights that human beings have just for the fact that they exist as human beings. These rights are not granted by any state. Human rights are universal rights inherent in all human beings regardless of their nationality, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other status. They range from the most fundamental rights called the right to life up to those rights that make life worth living, such as the rights to food, education, work, health, liberty and other substantive rights.
The issue of human rights became the concern of everyone after the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1948 UN General Assembly. That was the first legal document to set out the fundamental human rights to be universally protected.
Despite the fact that human rights got the attention of everyone that far long ago, there were negligence and failure from the side of different states to realize the enjoyment of human rights. This has opened a room for the violation of human rights which in turn means prevalence of ‘human wrongs. Human wrongs though not always understood to be the opposite of human rights, it examines whether images of political struggle, suffering and victims of violence work for or against human rights objectives, especially when considering questions of race, representation, ethical responsibility and on other ground.